The following flag laws and regulations are contained in the Public Law as amended July 7, 1976, by the 94th Congress of the United States. They set forth the existing rules, customs and etiquette pertaining to the display and use of the flag of the United States of America.
The following codification of existing rules and customs pertaining to the display and use of the flag of the United States of America shall be and is hereby established for the use of such civilians or civilian groups or organizations as may not be required to conform with regulations promulgated by one or more executive departments of the Government of the United States. The flag of the United States, for purposes of this chapter, shall be defined according to Title 4, United States Code, Chapter 1, section 1 and section 2, and Executive Order 10834 issued pursuant thereto.
A. It is the universal custom to display the flag only from sunrise to sunset on buildings and on stationary flagstaffs in the open. However, when a patriotic effect is desired, the flag may be displayed twenty-four hours a day if properly illuminated during the hours of darkness.
B. The flag should be hoisted briskly and lowered cautiously.
C. The flag should not be displayed on days when the weather is inclement, except when an all-weather flag is displayed.
D. The flag should be displayed on all days, especially on
E. The flag should be displayed daily, on or near the main administration building of every public institution.
F. The flag should be displayed in or near every polling place on election days.
G. The flag should be displayed during school days in or near every schoolhouse.
That the flag, when carried in a procession with another flag or flags, should be either on the marching right that is, the flag’s own right, or if there is a line of other flags, in front of the center of that line.
A. The Flag should not be displayed on a float in a parade except a staff, or as provided in subsection (j).
B. The flag should not be draped over the hood, top, or sides or back of a vehicle or of a railroad train or boat. When the flag is displayed on a motorcar, the staff shall be fixed firmly to the chassis or clamped to the right fender.
C. No other flag or pennant should be placed above or, if on the same level, to the right of the flag of the United States of America, except during church services conducted by naval chaplains at sea, when the church pennant may be flown above the flag during church services for the personnel of the Navy.
D. The flag of the United States of America, when it is displayed with another flag against a wall from crossed staffs, should be on the right, the flag’s own right and its staff should be in front of the other flag.
E. The flag of the United States of America should be at the center and at the highest point of the group when a number of flags of States or localities or pennants of societies are grouped and displayed from staffs.
G. When flags of States, cities of localities, or pennants of societies are flown on the same halyard with the flag of the United States, the latter should always be at the peak.
F. When the flags are flown from adjacent staffs, the flag of the United States should be hoisted first and lowered last. No such flag or pennant may be placed above the flag of the United States or to the United States flag’s right.
H. When flags of two or more nations are displayed, they are to be flown from separate staffs of the same height. The flags should be of approximately equal size. International usage forbids the display of the flag of one nation above that of another nation in time of peace.
I. When the flag of the United States is displayed from a staff projecting horizontally or at an angle from a windowsill, balcony, or front of a building, the union of the flag should be placed at the peak of the staff unless the flag is at half-staff. When the flag is suspended over a sidewalk from a rope extending from a house to a pole at the edge of the sidewalk, the flag should be hoisted out, union first, from the building.
J. When displayed either horizontally or vertically against a wall, the union should be uppermost and to the flag’s own right, that is, to the observer’s left. When displayed in a window, the flag should be displayed in the same way, with the union or blue field to the left of the observer in the street.
K. When the flag is displayed over the middle of the street, it should be suspended vertically with the union to the north in an east and west street or to the east in a north to south street.
L. When used on a speaker’s platform, the flag, is displayed flat, should be displayed above and behind the speaker. When displayed from a staff in a church or public auditorium, the flag of the United States of America should hold the position of superior prominence, in advance of the audience, and in the position of honor at the clergyman’s or speaker’s right as he faces the audience. Any other flag so displayed should be placed on the left of the clergyman or speaker or to the right of the audience.
M. The flag should form a distinctive feature of the ceremony of an unveiling, a statue or monument, but it should never be used as the covering for the statue monument.
N. The flag, when flown at half-staff, should be first hoisted to the peak of an instant and then lowered to the half-staff position. The flag should be again raised to the peak before it is lowered for the day. On Memorial Day the flag should be displayed at half-staff until noon only, then raised to the top of the staff. By order of the President, the flag shall be flown at Half-staff upon the death of principal figures of the United States Government and the Governor of a State, territory of possession, as a mark of respect to their memory. In the event of the death of other officials or foreign dignitaries, the flag is to be displayed at half-staff according to Presidential instructions or orders, or in accordance with recognized customs or practices not inconsistent with the law. In the event of a death of a president or former official of the Government of any state, territory or possession of the United States, the Governor of that State, territory or possession may proclaim that the National flag shall be flown at half-staff. The flag shall be flown at half-staff thirty days from the death of the President or a former President; ten days from the death of a Vice President, the Chief of Justice or a retired Chief of Justice of the United Stated, or the Speaker of the House of Representatives; from the day of death until Interment of an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court; a Secretary of an executive or military department, a former Vice President, or the Governor of the State, territory or possession; and on the day of death and the following day for a member of Congress. As used in this subsection 1. The term “half-staff” means the position of the flag when it is one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff; 2. The term “executive or military department” means any agency listed under sections 101 and 102 of Title 5, United States Code; and 3. The term “Member of Congress” means Senator, a Representative, a Delegate, or the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
O. When the flag is used to cover a casket, it should be so placed that the union is at the head and over the left shoulder. The flag should not be lowered into the grave or allowed to touch the ground.
P. When the flag is suspended across the corridor or lobby in a building with only one main entrance, it should be suspended vertically with the union to the observer’s left upon entering. If the building has more than one main entrance the flag should be suspended vertically near the center of the corridor or lobby with the union to the north, when entrances are to the east and west, or to the east when entrances are to the north and south. If there are entrances in more than two directions, the union should be to the east.
That no disrespect should be shown to the flag of United States of America; the flag should not be dipped to any person or thing. Regimental colors state flags and organizations or institutional flags are to be dipped as a mark of honor.
A. The flag should never be displayed with the union down, except as a signal of dire distress in instances of extreme danger to life or property.
B. The flag should never touch anything beneath it, such as the ground, the floor, water or merchandise.
C. The flag should never be carried flat or horizontally, but always aloft and free.
D. The flag should never be used as wearing apparel, bedding, or drapery. It should never be festooned, drawn back, nor up, in folds, but always allowed to fall free. Bunting of blue, white and red, always arranged with the blue above, the white in the middle and red below should be used for covering a speaker’s desk, draping the front of the platform, and for decoration in general.
E. The flag should never be fastened, displayed, used or stored in such manner as to permit it to be easily torn, soiled or damaged in any way.
F. The flag should never be used as a covering for a ceiling.
G. The flag should never have been placed upon it, nor on any part of it, nor attached to it any mark, insignia, letter, word, figure, design, picture or drawing of any nature.
H. The flag should never be used as a receptacle for receiving, holding, carrying or delivering anything.
I. The flag should never be used for advertising purpose in any manner whatsoever. It should not be embroidered on such articles as cushions or handkerchiefs and the like, printed or impressed on paper napkins or boxes or anything that is designed for temporary use and discard. Advertising should not be fastened to a staff or halyard from which the flag is flown.
K. The flag, when it is in such condition that it is no longer a fitting emblem or display, should be destroyed in a dignified way, preferably by burning.
During the ceremony of hoisting or lowering the flag or when the flag is passing in a parade or in a review, all persons present except those in uniform should face the flag and stand at attention with the right hand over the heart. Those present in uniform should render the military salute. When not in uniform, men should remove the headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Aliens should stand at attention. The salute to the flag in a moving column should be rendered at the moment the flag passes.
During the rendition of the national anthem when the flag is displayed, all present except those in uniform shall stand at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. Men not in uniform should remove their headdress with their right and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should render the military salute at the first note of the anthem and retain this position until the last note. When the flag is not displayed, those present should face toward the music and act in the manner they would if the flag were displayed there.
The pledge of allegiance to the flag, ” I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all, ” should be rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the right hand over the heart. When not in uniform men should remove their headdress with their right hand and hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart. Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and render the military salute.
Any rule or custom pertaining to the display or the flag of the United States of America set forth herein. May be altered, modified or repealed, or additional rules with respect thereto may by prescribed, by the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces of the United States, whenever he deems it to be appropriate or desirable; and any such alteration or additional rule shall be set forth in a proclamation. No person shall display the flag of the United Nations or any other national or international flag equal, above or in a position of superior prominence or honor to, in place of, the flag of the United States at any place within the United States or any Territory or possession thereof: Provided, that nothing in this section shall make unlawful the continuance of the practice heretofore followed of displaying the flag of the United Nations in a position of superior prominence of honor, and other national flags in positions of equal prominence or honor, with that of the flag of the United States at the headquarters of the United Nations.
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